Serbia - Aniukha, Bamiiup, Jedogonja, Krvopija, Lapir, Milo, Tenets, Upirnina, Vjestitza, lkodlak, Vukodlak
Aniukha: Although it has never been seen by anyone, the Aniukha is supposed to be a small creature that sucks up the life blood of infants. It requires the help of a Shaman to get rid of it.
Bamiiup: This Serbian word could well be another possible root word to vampire. Requires further research.
Jedogonja: Mentioned in passing in several works about vampires of the Slavs. Although other than region little else was noted.
Krvopija: Term taken from Serbian dictionary. Possibly related to the Krvopijac of Bulgaria.
Lapir: See Vukodlak.
Milo (also known as Mulo): A Milo was generally a dead gypsy (but even a stallion or a lamb); it can grow after death (when it is a still-born baby) up to the age of eight; it wears very white brand new clothes, and willingly drinks even wine. Sometimes it has the aspect of a vegetable. It lives and is active at the stroke of noon as well as at night.
It became a Vampire by being stillborn or else by being murdered. Odd activities, it was said to boil the women it liked the most in a great cauldron in order to de-bone them more easily and make them similar to itself. Cure: To call a dhampir (degenerate son of a vampire) who will eliminate it after a hand-to-hand struggle, sustained by magic practices.
Tenets: See Vukodlak.
Upirnina: Under research.
Vjestitza: The Vjestitza (plural: Vjeshtitze; pronounced as "vyeshtitza" and sometimes also known as Vestizsa) is another female witch of the Balkan countries whose main prey was infants but were also sometimes blamed for adult illnesses. The Vjestititza is typically an old woman whose soul leaves her body at night when she goes to sleep. Her soul then takes the body of a hen, a black moth, or a fly. In this form, she enters houses and feeds upon the blood in the heart of her victims. On certain nights, the Vjeshtitze in such forms meet together in the branches of trees to hold coven meetings. An old woman may join such a coven if she agrees to follow the rules prescribed by the veteran members. The Vjeshtitza were most powerful during the first week of March. A protective ritual during this time was to stir the ashes in the hearth of the house with two horns which were then stuck into the pile of ashes. Like the witches of Western Europe, it was believed that a Vjeshtiza could not drown. So, when a woman was accused of being such, she was sometimes bound and cast into water. If she floated, she was guilty. If she drowned, she was innocent.
Vlkodlak: The Vlkodlak has the congested face of an impenitent drunkard and blood-colored skin; always aged more than twenty and can remain active for a maximum of seven years, then becomes a man again and repeats the process in another part of the country.
It became a vampire by committing one of the following misdeeds in its life: murder, perjury, incest with its mother; or else following one of these two mishaps: being killed by a werewolf or else eating lamb killed by a werewolf. They were said to cause eclipses.
Reported preventive Cure: Cutting off its toes and thumbs. Putting a nail in its neck. When the evil being becomes apparent pierce its navel with a branch of hawthorn and cover all its hair parts with tow, then set fire to it with candles used for the death vigil.
Vukodlak: This creature made the rounds of the houses sucking blood and making mischief. It resembled a skin full of blood. Its body was covered with fur like a wolf's; it had no bones but had big nails and eyes. Typical of the vampire was its resemblance to a wolf. It never went abroad on Saturdays, had a white cover and, if that should be taken, it could not go back into the grave. It was believed that it could assume human shape, like an ordinary man, get married and have children. The steps taken against its reincarnation were similar to those in Bulgaria.
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